Photoionization of monocrystalline CVD diamond irradiated with ultrashort intense laser pulse

Year: 2016

Authors: Lagomarsino S., Sciortino S., Obreshkov B., Apostolova T., Corsi C., Bellini M., Berdermann E., Schmidt C. J.

Autors Affiliation: INFN and Department of Physics and Astronomy of Florence, Via Sansone 1, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Tsarigradsko chausse´e 72, Sofia 1784, Bulgaria; Institute for Advanced Physical Studies, New Bulgarian University, 21 Montevideo Street, Sofia 1618, Bulgaria; LENS and Department of Physics and Astronomy of Florence, Via nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; INO-CNR, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; Detector Laboratory, GSI, Darmstadt, Germany

Abstract: Direct laser writing of conductive paths in synthetic diamond is of interest for implementation in radiation detection and clinical dosimetry. Unraveling the microscopic processes involved in laser irradiation of diamond below and close to the graphitization threshold under the same conditions as the experimental procedure used to produce three-dimensional devices is necessary to tune the laser parameters to optimal results. To this purpose a transient currents technique has been used to measure laser-induced current signals in monocrystalline diamond detectors in a wide range of laser intensities and at different bias voltages. The current transients vs time and the overall charge collected have been compared with theoretical simulations of the carrier dynamics along the duration and after the conclusion of the 30 fs laser pulse. The generated charge has been derived from the collected charge by evaluation of the lifetime of the carriers. The plasma volume has also been evaluated by measuring the modified region. The theoretical simulation has been implemented in the framework of the empirical pseudopotential method extended to include time-dependent couplings of valence electrons to the radiation field. The simulation, in the low-intensity regime, I similar to 1 TW/cm(2), predicts substantial deviation from the traditional multiphoton ionization, due to nonperturbative effects involving electrons from degenerate valence bands. For strong field with intensity of about 50 TW/cm(2), nonadiabatic effects of electron-hole pair excitation become prominent with high carrier densities eventually causing the optical breakdown of diamond. The comparison of theoretical prediction with experimental data of laser-generated charge vs laser energy density yields a good quantitative agreement over six orders of magnitude. At the highest intensities the change of slope in the trend is explained taking into account the dependence of the optical parameters and the carrier mobility on plasma density.


Volume: 93 (8)      Pages from: 085128-1  to: 085128-11

More Information: This research is partially funded by the European Union (HadronPhysics3 Project No. 283286), the GSI (Darmstadt), within the framework of the Detector Technology and Systems platform of the Helmholtz Association, and the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy, in the framework of the experiment 3D-SOD. We would like to thank M. Kis, M. Trager, and R. Visinka of GSI Detector Laboratory for taking care of the metallization of our detectors. T.A. was sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Air Force Material Command, USAF, under Grant No. FA9550-15-1-0197 and by the Bulgarian National Science Fund under Contract No. DFNI-E02/6. B.O. acknowledges financial support from Action MP 1208. The authors have also received funding from LASERLAB-EUROPE (Proposal LENS002115).
KeyWords: charge collection; dielectrics; electrodes; detectors; breakdown; filed
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.085128

Citations: 32
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