Scientific Results

Simultaneous dielectric spectroscopy and calorimetry of the dynamics during a macromolecules growth

Year: 1996

Authors: Ferrari C., Salvetti G., Tombari E., Johari G.P.

Autors Affiliation: MCMaster Univ.,Dept Mat. Sci & Engn., Hamilton,ON L8S 4L7,Canada; CNR, Ist. Fis. Atom. & Mol., via Giardino 7, 56127 Pisa, Italy

Abstract: A method and an instrument has been developed for measuring almost simultaneously and continuously in time three different quantities: i) the heat evolved during the course of exothermic reactions, ii) the heat capacity and iii) the dielectric spectra of a liquid or solid sample. By using this instrument, we have studied the decrease in the d.c. conductivity and the increase in the relaxation time as molecules in an isothermally kept liquid chemically react to produce, irreversibly, a macromolecular structure until the liquid vitrifies and becomes rigid. The number of covalent bonds formed in the structure, n, has been calculated and the dielectric relaxation time, tau, is related to n. This tau increases progressively more rapidly with it, and decreases, of course, on increasing the temperature. A compensation between these two effects determines the dynamic behaviour observed during rate heating. The effect of temperature is found to predominate. Such observations have been made possible by means of the new instrument.

Journal/Review: NUOVO CIMENTO DELLA SOCIETA ITALIANA DI FISICA D-CONDENSED MATTER ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND CHEMICAL PHYSICS FLUIDS PLASMAS BIOPHYSICS

Volume: 18 (12)      Pages from: 1443  to: 1448

KeyWords: RELAXATION
DOI: 10.1007/BF02453785

Citations: 17
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