Scientific Results

Complete electromagnetically induced transparency in sodium atoms excited by a multimode dye laser

Year: 2004

Authors: Alzetta A., Gozzini S., Lucchesini A., Cartaleva S., Karaulanov T., Marinelli C., Moi L.

Autors Affiliation: IPCF-CNR, Area della Ricerca, Via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy; Institute of Electronics, BAS, boul. Tzarigradsko shosse 72, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria; INFM-Università di Siena, Dipartimento di Fisica, Via Roma 56, 53100 Siena, Italy

Abstract: Complete electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in sodium vapor is demonstrated experimentally by means of excitation with a broadband multimode dye laser tuned on the D-1 line. One hundred percent transparency is observed by excitation of the Na vapor with circularly polarized laser light. The linear polarization excitation produces, instead, complete destruction of the EIT resonance. For laser power density in the 0.1 to 1 W/cm(2) range, the linewidth of the EIT resonance remains in the interval of 90-400 kHz. This complete transparency of the medium in a narrow frequency interval is interesting for many applications where the enhancement of the refractive index is important and where the improvement of the signal-to-noise ratio of the dark resonances allows a more sensitive measurement of weak magnetic fields.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 69 (6)      Pages from: 063815-1  to: 063815-9

KeyWords: Electromagnetically induced transparency; Hyperfine structure levels; Nonlinear optics; sodium;
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.69.063815

Citations: 24
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