The physics of dipolar bosonic quantum gases

Year: 2009

Authors: Lahaye T., Menotti C., Santos L., Lewenstein M., Pfau T.

Autors Affiliation: Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany;
Universite’ de Toulouse, UPS, Laboratoire Collisions Agregats Reactivite’ IRSAMC, F-31062 Toulouse, France;
CNRS, UMR 5589, F-31062 Toulouse, France;
CNR-INFM BEC and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita’ di Trento, I-38050 Povo, Italy;
Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, Appelstr. 2, D-30167, Hannover, Germany;
ICFO–Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain;
ICREA-Institucio’ Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, 08010 Barcelona, Spain

Abstract: This paper reviews the recent theoretical and experimental advances in the study of ultra-cold gases made of bosonic particles interacting via the long-range, anisotropic dipole-dipole interaction, in addition to the short-range and isotropic contact interaction usually at work in ultra-cold gases. The specific properties emerging from the dipolar interaction are emphasized, from the mean-field regime valid for dilute Bose-Einstein condensates, to the strongly correlated regimes reached for dipolar bosons in optical lattices.


Volume: 72 (12)      Pages from: 126401  to: 126401

More Information: TL and TP acknowledge support by the German Science Foundation (SFB/TRR 21 and SPP 1116), the Landesstiftung Baden Wurttemberg and the EU (Marie-Curie Grant MEIF-CT-2006-038959 to TL). CM acknowledges support by the EU (Marie-Curie Grant MEIF-CT-2006-023570). LS acknowledges support by the German Science Foundation (SFB407, SPP1116, SFB/TRR 21) and by ESF/DFG EUROQUASAR QuDeGPM. ML acknowledges Spanish MEC projects TOQATA (FIS2008-00784) and QOIT (Consolider Ingenio 2010), ESF/MEC project FERMIX (FIS2007-29996-E), EU Integrated Project SCALA, EU STREP project NAMEQUAM, ERC Advanced Grant QUAGATUA and the Humboldt Foundation Senior Research Prize.
DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/72/12/126401

Citations: 1192
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