Scientific Results

Semi-quantitative analysis of metal alloys, brass and soil samples by calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: recent results and considerations

Year: 2009

Authors: Herrera K.K., Tognoni E., Omenetto N., Smith B.W., Winefordner J.D.

Autors Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA;
Institute for Chemical-Physical Processes, National Research Council, Via Moruzzi I, 56124 Pisa, Italy

Abstract: The calibration-free methodology described in the literature dealing with the technique of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy has been applied here to several samples under different operating pressures with the aim of classifying the analytical technique as quantitative, semi-quantitative or qualitative (with quantitative estimates only), depending on the relative percentage errors calculated for the major, minor and trace elemental composition of the sample. The results were obtained with a Q-switched Nd: YAG laser (1064 nm), characterized by 5.3 ns duration pulses at a maximum repetition frequency of 10 Hz and with pulse energy up to 300 mJ. The spectra were taken with a grating monochromator coupled with an intensified CCD detector, calibrated from 220 to 700 nm. The samples investigated were aluminum alloy standard disks, standard reference materials of Zn alloy, Cu-Ni alloy, Ti alloy, Ni alloy powder, Cu-Zn alloy and soils. The data are compared with those published in the literature. The results show that the best accuracy (5% relative error) is usually obtained for the matrix element, while in most cases, for the remainder of the components in the sample (major, minor or trace composition), the results can only be considered semi-quantitative (< 200% relative error). Journal/Review: JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY

Volume: 24 (4)      Pages from: 413  to: 425

More Information: This material is based upon work supported by DOE Grant No. DOE-DE-F602-99ER 14960 and, in part, by National Science Foundation under CHE-0822469.
DOI: 10.1039/b820493d

Citations: 55
data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-12-05
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