Spin drag and fast response in a quantum mixture of atomic gases

Year: 2021

Authors: Carlini Federico; Stringari Sandro

Autors Affiliation: Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, Sorbonne University, CNRS, ENS-PSL Research University, Collige de France 4 Place Jussieu, Paris, 75005, France; MajuLab, International Joint Research Unit UMI 3654, CNRS, University, Sorbonne University, National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; INO-CNR BEC Center, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trento, Povo, 38123, Italy

Abstract: By applying a sudden perturbation to one of the components of a mixture of two quantum fluids, we explore the effect on the motion of the second component on a short timescale. By implementing perturbation theory, we prove that for short times the response of the second component is fixed by the energy weighted moment of the crossed dynamic structure factor (crossed f-sum rule). We also show that by properly monitoring the time duration of the perturbation it is possible to identify peculiar fast spin drag regimes, which are sensitive to the interaction effects in the Hamiltonian. Special focus is given to the case of coherently coupled Bose-Einstein condensates, interacting Bose mixtures exhibiting the Andreev-Bashkin effect, normal Fermi liquids, and the polaron problem. The relevant excitations of the system contributing to the spin drag effect are identified and the contribution of the low-frequency gapless excitations to the f-sum rule in the density and spin channels is explicitly calculated employing the proper macroscopic dynamic theories. Both spatially periodic and Galilean boost perturbations are considered.


Volume: 104 (2)      Pages from: 023301-1  to: 023301-9

KeyWords: Bose-Einstein condensates; Fermi gases
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.104.023301