FORTRESS: FORTRAN programs for solving coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations for spin-orbit coupled spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate

Year: 2021

Authors: Kaur P., Roy A., Gautam S.

Autors Affiliation: Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, 140001, Punjab, India; INO-CNR BEC Center and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trento, Trento, 38123, Italy

Abstract: Here, we present simple and efficient numerical scheme to study static and dynamic properties of spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) with spin-orbit (SO) coupling by solving three coupled Gross- Pitaevskii equations (CGPEs) in three-, quasi-two and quasi-one dimensional systems. We provide a set of three codes developed in FORTRAN 90/95 programming language with user defined ?option? of imaginary and real-time propagation. We present the numerical results for energy, chemical potentials, and component densities for the ground state and compare with the available results from the literature. The results are presented for both the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spin-1 BECs with and without SO coupling. To improve the computational speed, all the codes have the option of OpenMP parallelization. We have also presented the results for speedup and efficiency of OpenMP parallelization for the three codes with both imaginary and real-time propagation. Program summary Program Title: FORTRESS CPC Library link to program files: Licensing provisions: MIT Programming language: (OpenMP) FORTRAN 90/95 External routines/libraries: FFTW 3.3.8 Nature of problem: To solve the coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations for spin-1 BEC with anisotropic spin-orbit coupling using the time-splitting spectral method. Solution method: We use the time-splitting Fourier spectral method to solve the coupled Gross- Pitaevskii equations. The resulting equations are evolved in imaginary time to obtain the ground state of the system or in real-time to study the dynamics. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Volume: 259      Pages from: 107671-1  to: 107671-14

More Information: AR acknowledges support from Provincia Autonoma di Trento. SG thanks the Science & Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India (Project: ECR/2017/001436) and Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar (ISIRD Project: 9-256/2016/IITRPR/823) for support. SG acknowledges the useful discussions with Prof. S. K. Adhikari of Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo.
KeyWords: Spin-1 BEC; Spin-orbit coupling; Time-splitting spectral method
DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2020.107671