Hybrid Plasmonic/Photonic Nanoscale Strategy for Multilevel Anticounterfeit Labels

Year: 2021

Authors: Caligiuri V., Patra A., De Santo M.P., Forestiero A., Papuzzo G., Aceti D.M., Lio G.E., Barberi R., De Luca A.

Autors Affiliation: Department of Physics, University of Calabria, via P. Bucci, 31C, Cosenza, Rende, 87036, Department of Physics, University of Calabria, via P. Bucci, 31C, 87036 Rende, Cosenza, Italy, , Italy; CNR Nanotec UOS Rende, via P. Bucci, 31D, Cosenza, Rende, 87036, CNR Nanotec UOS Rende, via P. Bucci, 31D, 87036 Rende, Cosenza, Italy, , Italy; Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, via Morego 30, Genova (GE), 16163, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, via Morego 30, 16163 Genova (GE), Italy, , Italy; CNR-ICAR, Institute for High Performance and Networking, via P. Bucci 8-9c, Cosenza, Rende, 87036, CNR-ICAR Institute for High Performance and Networking, via P. Bucci 8-9c, 87036 Rende, Cosenza, Italy, , Italy; Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72, Tsarigradsko Chaussee Blvd, Sofia, 1784, Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72, Tsarigradsko Chaussee Blvd, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria, , , Bulgaria; Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72, Tsarigradsko Chaussee Blvd, Sofia, 1784, Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72, Tsarigradsko Chaussee Blvd, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria, , , Bulgaria; CNR-INO, European Laboratory for Non Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), Via Nello Carrara, 1, Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze (FI), 50019, CNR-INO and European Laboratory for Non Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), Via Nello Carrara, 1, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Firenze (FI), Italy, , , Italy; CNR-INO, European Laboratory for Non Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), Via Nello Carrara, 1, Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze (FI), 50019, CNR-INO and European Laboratory for Non Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), Via Nello Carrara, 1, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019 Firenze (FI), Italy, , , Italy

Abstract: Innovative goods authentication strategies are of fundamental importance considering the increasing counterfeiting levels. Such a task has been effectively addressed with the so-called physical unclonable functions (PUFs), being physical properties of a system that characterize it univocally. PUFs are commonly implemented by exploiting naturally occurring non-idealities in clean-room fabrication processes. The broad availability of classic paradigm PUFs, however, makes them vulnerable. Here, we propose a hybrid plasmonic/photonic multilayered structure working as a three-level strong PUF. Our approach leverages on the combination of a functional nanostructured surface, a resonant response, and a unique chromatic signature all together in one single device. The structure consists of a resonant cavity, where the top mirror is replaced with a layer of plasmonic Ag nanoislands. The naturally random spatial distribution of clusters and nanoparticles formed by this deposition technique constitutes the manufacturer-resistant nanoscale morphological fingerprint of the proposed PUF. The presence of Ag nanoislands allows us to tailor the interplay between the photonic and plasmonic modes to achieve two additional security levels. The first one is constituted by the chromatic response and broad iridescence of our structures, while the second by their rich spectral response, accessible even through a common smartphone light-emitting diode. We demonstrate that the proposed architectures could also be used as an irreversible and quantitative temperature exposure label. The proposed PUFs are inexpensive, chip-to-wafer-size scalable, and can be deposited over a variety of substrates. They also hold a great promise as an encryption framework envisioning morpho-cryptography applications.

Journal/Review: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES

Volume: 13 (41)      Pages from: 49172  to: 49183

More Information: Project DEMETRA, “Development of MatErial and TRAcking technologies for the safety of food”, DPON ARS01_00401.
KeyWords: physical unclonable functions, Ag nanoislands, plasmonics, metal-insulator-metal structures, iridescence, structural colors, temperature exposure sensors
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c13701

Citations: 22
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