Spontaneous quantum superradiant emission in atomic Bose-Einstein condensates subject to a synthetic vector potential

Year: 2021

Authors: Giacomelli L.; Carusotto I.

Autors Affiliation: INO-CNR BEC Center, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trento, via Sommarive 14, Povo, Trento, I-38050, Italy

Abstract: We theoretically investigate the spontaneous quantum emission of phonon pairs by superradiant processes in an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate subject to a synthetic vector potential. Within the analog gravity perspective, this effect corresponds to the spontaneous emission of radiation from the ergosurface of rotating black holes. A general input-output formalism is built and used to characterize the spectral and correlation properties of the emission. Experimentally accessible signatures of the emission are pointed out in the correlation functions of the atomic gas.


Volume: 104 (1)      Pages from: 013313-1  to: 013313-14

More Information: This work received funding from the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under Grant Agreement No. 820392 (PhoQuS) and from the Provincia Autonoma di Trento.
KeyWords: quantization; scattering; radiation; field
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.104.013313