Narrow Line Width Quantum Emitters in an Electron-Beam-Shaped Polymer

Year: 2019

Authors: Ciancico C., Schadler KG., Pazzagli S., Colautti M., Lombardi PE., Osmond J., Dore C., Mihi A., Ovvyan AP., Pernice WHP., Berretti E., Lavacchi A., Toninelli C., Koppens FHL., Reserbat-Plantey A.

Autors Affiliation: Barcelona Inst Sci & Technol, ICFO Inst Ciencies Foton, Castelldefels 08860, Barcelona, Spain; LENS, Via Nello Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy; CNR INO, Via Nello Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy; Univ Firenze, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Via Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy; CSIC, ICMAB, Campus UAB, Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain; Westfalische Wilhelms Univ Miinster, Inst Phys, Heisenbergstr 11, D-48149 Munster, Germany; CNR, Inst Chem OrganoMetall Cpds ICCOM, Via Madonna del Piano, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy; QSTAR, Largo Fermi 2, I-50125 Florence, Italy; ICREA, Barcelona 08010, Spain

Abstract: Solid-state single photon sources (SPSs) with narrow line width play an important role in many leading quantum technologies. Within the wide range of SPSs studied to date, single fluorescent molecules hosted in organic crystals stand out as bright, photostable SPSs with a lifetime-limited optical resonance at cryogenic temperatures. Furthermore, recent results have demonstrated that photostability and narrow line widths are still observed from single molecules hosted in a nanocrystalline environment, which paves the way for their integration with photonic circuitry. Polymers offer a compatible matrix for embedding nanocrystals and provide a versatile yet low-cost approach for making nanophotonic structures on chip that guide light and enhance coupling to nanoscale emitters. Here, we present a deterministic nanostructuring technique based on electron-beam lithography for shaping polymers with embedded single molecules. Our approach provides a direct means of structuring the nanoscale environment of narrow line width emitters while preserving their emission properties.

Journal/Review: ACS PHOTONICS

Volume: 6 (12)      Pages from: 3120  to: 3125

More Information: We would like to thank Josep Canet Ferrer and Vittoria Finazzi. This project has received funding from the EraNET Cofund Initiatives QuantERA under the European Union´s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme grant agreement No. 731473 (Project acronyme: ORQUID). C.C. acknowledges financial support by the ICFOstepstone -PhD Programme for Early-Stage Researchers in Photonics, funded by the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Co-funding of regional, national, and international programmes (GA665884) of the European Commission. C.D. acknowledges financial support by the European Union´s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (ERC Grant No. StG637116). A.L. and E.B. acknowledge “Ente cassa di risparmio di Firenze” for financial support given for the acquisition of the TESCAN GAIA3 electron microscope, and Regione Toscana for the project FELIX (POR FESR 2014-2020, grant number no. 6455). We also acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO), through the “Severo Ochoa” Programme for Centres of Excellence in R&D (SEV-2015-0522 and SEV-2015-0496), support by FundaciO Cellex Barcelona, Generalitat de Catalunya through the CERCA program. This work received funding from the European Union´s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program Quantum Flagship (Grant No. 820378). Funded by the Agency for Management of University and Research Grants (AGAUR) 2017 SGR 1656.
KeyWords: single photon source; quantum emitters; single molecule; electron beam lithography; nanophotonic devices; on-chip quantum optics
DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01145

Citations: 8
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